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Who Rides the Glass Escalator? Gender, Race, and Nationality in the National Nursing Assistant Study

Journal Article
January 1, 2012

The ”glass elevator effect” describes how men entering female-dominated occupations tend to advance more quickly toward authority and higher salaries. Using the U.S. National Nursing Assistant Study, this article examines organizational measures of inequality and discrimination – wages, benefits, and working conditions – to understand whether a glass escalator exists among nursing assistants and how it is affected by gender, race, citizenship, and facility characteristics.

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Key Takeaways

Gender inequalities are present among nursing assistants working in nursing homes.
Inequality among CNAs is also driven by nationality, race, and other characteristics.
Inequality among CNAs is also driven by nationality, race, and other factors
 
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