In the absence of widespread training standards, many personal care aides (PCAs) enter the field without adequate preparation, which can lead to anxieties and injuries on the job, among other concerns. Despite their career aspirations, some of these workers end up leaving their jobs because they lack the skills and confidence to provide high-quality care. Recognizing a need to raise the bar on PCA training, six states–Arizona, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Virginia, and Washington—have developed model curricula for statewide implementation. This report examines these state-sponsored curricula to identify best practices in training methods and content for PCAs and other direct care workers.
Six states—Arizona, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Virginia, and Washington—have developed model PCA training curricula for statewide implementation.
Standardizing PCA training content and instructional methods through state-sponsored curricula helps workers enter the field.
A competency-based approach enhances career mobility and workforce flexibility in direct care—as workers are able transfer competencies from one setting to another.