Who Rides the Glass Escalator? Gender, Race, and Nationality in the National Nursing Assistant Study
January 1, 2012
The ”glass elevator effect” describes how men entering female-dominated occupations tend to advance more quickly toward authority and higher salaries. Using the U.S. National Nursing Assistant Study, this article examines organizational measures of inequality and discrimination – wages, benefits, and working conditions – to understand whether a glass escalator exists among nursing assistants and how it is affected by gender, race, citizenship, and facility characteristics.