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Increasing Pathways to Legal Status for Immigrant In-Home Care Workers

February 1, 2013

This report explains the prevalence of foreign-born workers in the home care workforce, as well as the specific obstacles encountered by undocumented workers. The authors suggest ways the U.S. visa system could be overhauled in order to establish more pathways to citizenship for home care workers. These pathways will be crucial in closing the “care gap,” as native-born workers are currently not meeting the demands for long-term care.

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Key Takeaways

Immigrants make up about 28% of the home care workforce.
Undocumented immigrant female workers are disproportionately at risk for exploitation, harassment, and abuse.
Four options for visa system reform: legalization, temporary visas, provisional visas, and a hybrid model.

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